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Facts About Uruguay | Uruguay Facts Info Stuff

Here are some interesting facts about Uruguay - Category: Introduction - Background: Montevideo, founded by the Spanish in 1726 as a military stronghold, soon took advantage of its natural harbor to become an important commercial center. Claimed by Argentina but annexed by Brazil in 1821, Uruguay declared its independence four years later and secured its freedom in 1828 after a three-year struggle. The administrations of President Jose BATLLE in the early 20th century established widespread political, social, and economic reforms that established a statist tradition. A violent Marxist urban guerrilla movement named the Tupamaros, launched in the late 1960s, led Uruguay's president to cede control of the government to the military in 1973. By yearend, the rebels had been crushed, but the military continued to expand its hold over the government. Civilian rule was not restored until 1985. In 2004, the left-of-center Frente Amplio Coalition won national elections that effectively ended 170 years of political control previously held by the Colorado and Blanco parties. Uruguay's political and labor conditions are among the freest on the continent.

Category: Government - Legislative branch: bicameral General Assembly or Asamblea General consists of Chamber of Senators or Camara de Senadores (30 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms; vice president has one vote in the Senate) and Chamber of Representatives or Camara de Representantes (99 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms); elections: Chamber of Senators - last held 31 October 2004 (next to be held October 2009); Chamber of Representatives - last held 31 October 2004 (next to be held October 2009); election results: Chamber of Senators - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - EP-FA 16, Blanco 11, Colorado Party 3; Chamber of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - EP-FA 52, Blanco 36, Colorado Party 10, Independent Party 1

Category: People - Literacy (%): definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 98%; male: 97.6%; female: 98.4% (2003 estimate)

Category: Economy - Agriculture - products: rice, wheat, soybeans, barley; livestock, beef; fish; forestry

Category: Geography - Area - comparative: slightly smaller than the state of Washington

Category: Transportation - Pipelines (km): gas 226 km; oil 155 km (2008)

Category: Communications - Television broadcast stations: 62 (2005)

Category: Military - Manpower fit for military service: males age 16-49: 703,955; females age 16-49: 690,296 (2008 estimate)

Category: Transnational Issues - Illicit drugs: small-scale transit country for drugs mainly bound for Europe, often through sea-borne containers; law enforcement corruption; money laundering because of strict banking secrecy laws; weak border control along Brazilian frontier; increasing consumption of cocaine base and synthetic drugs

Other random facts about Uruguay 

  1. People - Median age (years): total: 33.2 years; male: 31.8 years; female: 34.6 years (2008 estimate)

  2. Economy - Debt - external: .48 billion (31 December 2008 estimate)

  3. Geography - Climate: warm temperate; freezing temperatures almost unknown

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Source: CIA - The World Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2028.html